Linux /boot Partition Full

This morning I spent time updating the various VM images I use with bug and security fixes.  My CentOS 7 VM presented a notice to me that it’s /boot partition was nearly out of disk space.

Normally a quick reference and delete of the older files would address the immediate need to free-up disk space; however this would not address the long term management of running out of disk space (again) as updates are applied.   There is also the question of breaking package management continuity by removing files by hand.

Quick Internet search took me to a blog entry which addressed this very topic.

By default CentOS 7 will keep up to 5 different versions of an installed package laying around.  Interestingly, the yum.conf man page says that the default value is 3 different package versions.  Yet the value I found in the CentOS 7 yum.conf file was 5.  Go figure.

So two things…

  1. I set the Yum configuration to keep only 2 copies.
    shell# vi /etc/yum.conf
    (save and exit)
  2. I purged the older kernel files in the /boot directory using package-cleanup tool.
    shell# package-cleanup --oldkernels --count=2

This took care of me.  Please visit to see output from the before, during and after using package-cleanup.

Yggdrasil Linux

yggdrasil_linux_bibleMy first experience with Linux was in the early to mid-90s with Yggdrasil Linux.  I picked up a book aptly titled “The Linux Bible” which had a CDROM inside the book jacket.  I thought it would be cool to install this onto my Packerd Bell 486-DX2.  At the time, the Packerd Bell PC had Windows 3.11.

Honestly, as I looked at the terminal prompt and browsed around the directories and listing the contents of all the files (mostly programs), I remember having a creepy thought about the operating system being “alive”, like it had a consciousness.  Yup weird.

I remember investing a lot of time week after week, month after month just looking at all the programs in /bin, /usr/bin, /sbin, /usr/sbin, /local/usr/bin, /local/usr/sbin and thinking to myself “what do you do?” while execing them with a childish curiosity.

For reference, I liken this to picking up an encyclopedia or dictionary and just flipping pages for the heck of it.  yggdrasil_linux-noodle-soupAlthough during this period in my life I would submit to you that I was living a meager lifestyle with a diet consisting of hotdogs and ramen-soup noodles.  I was poor with a mountain of debt and barely getting by on my own.  So you see I had plenty of time to learn something new and for self improvement.

I don’t think many folks have heard of Yggdrasil Linux.  That’s understandable since it looks like Yggdrasil Linux was published between 1992 and 1995.  This was still an early time for Linux.